Students Who are College and Career Ready in Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening, and Language
In addition to the standards themselves, the CCSS ELA standards include a description of students who are college and career ready in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language. This description provides an outline of specific knowledge, skills, and understandings, collectively known as "the capacities of the literate individual.” These students:
Demonstrate independence by:
- comprehending and evaluating a wide range of complex texts and oral presentations, constructing effective arguments, and conveying intricate or multifaceted information; and
- demonstrating command of standard English and a wide-ranging vocabulary.
Build strong content knowledge by:
- establishing a base of knowledge across a wide range of subject matter, engaging with works of quality and substance; and
- becoming proficient in new areas through research and study, reading purposefully and listening attentively to gain both general knowledge and discipline-specific expertise.
Respond to the varying demands of audience, task, purpose, and discipline by:
- adjusting purpose for reading, writing, speaking, and listening as needed; and
- adapting communication in relation to audience, task, purpose, and discipline.
Comprehend as well as critique by:
- working diligently to understand precisely what an author or speaker is saying; and
- questioning an author’s or speaker’s assumptions and premises and assessing the veracity of claims and the soundness of reasoning.
Value evidence by:
- citing specific, relevant evidence to support an oral or written interpretation of a text or their own points in writing and speaking; and
- making reasoning clear to the reader or listener and constructively evaluating others’ use of evidence.
Use technology and digital media strategically and capably by:
- tailoring online searches to acquire useful information efficiently and integrating it with what is learned offline; and
- selecting and using the technological tools and mediums best suited to their communication goals.
Come to understand other perspectives and cultures by:
- reading great classic and contemporary works of literature representative of a variety of periods, cultures, and worldviews; and
- listening to and communicating effectively with people of varied backgrounds.
Because the NMCCSS for ELA are organized by College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards that are the same across grades K–12, there is considerable continuity. Grade-specific core skills and knowledge in each strand are addressed, with the application of those skills and that knowledge progressing in depth and complexity across successive grades.